Press Release

Great Lakes leaders react to NOAA’s 2020 Western Lake Erie Basin Harmful Algal Bloom Forecast: little progress made, with even more at stake for communities impacted by COVID-19 crisis

Domestic action plans needed to create accountability and push aggressive policy changes to achieve clean water goals

July 9, 2020

Joint Press Release from Alliance for the Great Lakes, Freshwater Future, Michigan Environmental Council, Ohio Environmental Council

Toledo, OH (July 9, 2020) – This morning the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and its partners released the 2020 Seasonal Forecast of Harmful Algal Blooms (HAB) for Lake Erie. NOAA predicted a bloom severity of 4.5 and could possibly range between 4 and 5.5. In 2015, the Governors of Ohio and Michigan, along with the Premier of Ontario, set a public goal of reducing nutrient pollution by 40% by 2025, with 2020 as a halfway interim goal of 20%. Today’s results show very plainly that little progress is being made, and we are very far off from achieving this goal. 

In response to today’s report, the Alliance for the Great Lakes, Freshwater Future, the Michigan Environmental Council, and the Ohio Environmental Council are calling on the Governors and the Premier to improve domestic action plans to provide a blueprint that the public can use to hold decision-makers accountable, not just a long list of best management practices. 

“Regardless of whether the severity is measured as a 6 or 7.5, when the algal blooms in western Lake Erie can be seen from space, it doesn’t take an expert to understand that this is becoming a crisis,” said Crystal M.C. Davis, Director of Policy and Strategic Engagement at the Alliance for the Great Lakes. “Efforts are not only falling short, we also don’t have a clear accounting of how or where we are in reaching the 20% reduction goal, or how we will get to the 40% reduction goal. Lists of best management practices are nice but leaders need to provide an accounting of progress and a plan of action so the public knows where things stand and how their money is being spent. The future of Lake Erie and our communities relies on it.”

Among the waterways in the Great Lakes region, western Lake Erie in particular has been plagued by an increase of HABs over the past decade. The toxins created by HABs pose serious health risks to humans and animals, the environment, and Lake Erie’s more than $15 billion economy that supports hundreds of thousands of jobs. Scientists believe that reducing the amount of runoff pollution will significantly reduce Lake Erie algal blooms and improve the lake’s health. Unfortunately, very few rules are currently in place to limit agricultural nutrient runoff, which remains the major contributor of HABs in Lake Erie.

HABs also threaten approximately 12 million people’s drinking water each year while also driving up water rates. This is of particular concern as the COVID-19 crisis deepens, and access to clean, safe, affordable water for drinking and hand-washing is more critical than ever. To make matters worse, the cost burden of HABs is often disproportionately placed on the rural and urban communities that sit at the bottom of these rivers and streams, and some have even experienced water shutoffs.

“Rural and urban communities’ drinking water rates are rising as a result of having to treat for harmful algal blooms,” said Kristy Meyer, Associate Director at Freshwater Future. “Rising water rates are causing people to have to make hard decisions between food on the table and tap water to drink and wash hands, something that is essential for public health. It is time community members impacted have a seat at the table to ensure comprehensive equitable solutions are being crafted as the region works to reduce harmful algal blooms in Lake Erie.”

“We understand that achieving the benchmarks is aspirational and difficult, but state leaders have clearly failed to meet the targets they voluntarily outlined years ago. We are especially concerned since the plans and strategies outlined  by state and provincial agencies double down on the same status quo methods that have led us to this point,” said Tom Zimnicki at the Michigan Environmental Council. “Moving forward state and provincial administrations owe it to residents and taxpayers to develop programs with real accountability and metrics to ensure water quality objectives are met. Otherwise, we will be writing this same statement in five years.”

“Harmful algal blooms continue to put Lake Erie and Ohio waterways at risk and threaten the quality and safety of our drinking water. We know that there is not one simple solution to address this critical, complex issue,” said Pete Bucher, Managing Director of Water Policy at the Ohio Environmental Council. “Ohio’s updated Domestic Action Plan and the H2Ohio program are important investments to improve Lake Erie water quality. We are committed to continuing to work with the DeWine administration and stakeholders to ensure these plans are sustainable, include accountability measures and involve diverse public engagement in order to achieve quantifiable water quality improvements.” 


Media Contact: Jennifer Caddick, (312) 445-9760,